Dental implants, tooth implants, titanium implants or Osseo-integrated teeth implants are very effective in replacing missing teeth or to stabilise dentures. These implants are placed in the jawbone as a first stage or surgical phase, where after a dentist will take impressions of the implant interfaces at the second stage or restorative stage. The dental technician will manufacture teeth or fixtures that fit on the implants and then either screw them down or cement them on. The artificial teeth are custom made to fit in your dentition. This means that they are the correct shape and colouring so that it looks completely natural.
Oral surgeons who receive adequate training in these procedures and in cosmetic dentistry in general, perform the surgical phase. Dr Kruger will perform a clinical and radiological examination in the form of panoramic x-ray and/or cone beam 3D scans in the office to evaluate the recipient site for the placement of dental implants. An assessment can then be made if alternative procedures like bone grafting might be necessary, which will be discussed.
The dental implants can safely be placed under local anaesthesia in the surgery in most cases, but general anaesthesia might be required if difficult adjunctive procedures need to be performed. Immediate placement after extraction or removal of diseased/fractured teeth is commonly possible but sometimes the socket needs to heal or form bone before the placement of an implant is possible. Extraction sockets need a two to four months healing period. Immediate loading of fixtures or teeth on the implants after placement is also possible, but most implants need a healing period of three to four months to Osseo-integrate before a dentist can load the implants. These issues will be discussed in detail after your assessment and treatment plan.
The dental implant procedure involves two treatment stages and it may take four to nine months to achieve the final result. It involves the placement of foreign bodies (implants) in healthy tissues and there is a 1-5% chance that your body might reject one or more implants. Smoking interferes with the Osseo integration process and smokers are warned that there is a higher chance that the implants will not fixate to the bone.