One of several sleep disorders, sleep apnea is a serious condition that may cause heart disease. Obstruction of the airway may be caused at several different levels of the nose and throat. A team of specialists, including a physician, ear, nose and throat specialist, and a maxillo-facial oral surgeon, should investigate the condition. Sleep apnea treatment may require admission to a sleep clinic.
In some cases sleep apnea surgery may be required. Some patients may benefit from bi-maxillary advancement of the jaws or genioplasty (advancement of the tongue and chin) to create space at the back of the throat.